Originally from South America, hot peppers were brought to Europe during the Age of Exploration. Now, the species known in Italy as peperoncino grows in temperate and hot climates worldwide.
There are 85 varieties of the peperoncin, which vary slighly in theirheat  and sweetness. The best peperoncini on the peninsula grow in Basilicata where they’re also referred to as diavulicchiu.
These peppers can be used in countless ways – to add a kick to simple dishes, sprinkled over finished plates, to infuse oils or spice salumi.